Layton City FAQ
City Attorney's Office
- 19.16.070- The park strip between any public street and private property shall be landscaped with grass and plantings. Maintenance of this area shall be the responsibility of the abutting property owner.
- 12.04.060- All accumulations of snow, sleet, or precipitation impairing safe access and use of sidewalks shall be removed within twelve hours from the termination of the storm.
- 12.04.060- It shall be unlawful to deposit snow or other material in a street maintained and plowed for purposes of snow removal by the city. The term “or other material” can include dirt, gravel, or miscellaneous debris.
- 10.62.030(1) and 10.62.030(2) – It is prohibited to park a vehicle in such a manner as to obstruct any portion of the sidewalk or parking strip.
- 19.06.110- No yard or other open space around an existing building shall be used for the storage of junk, trash, building materials, debris, inoperable vehicles or commercial equipment, and fuel.
- 6.24.170- Old and obsolete vehicles, parts of automobiles, automobiles with parts taken out of them and not in running condition, or automobiles with expired registration of more than four months are prohibited. A restoration permit may be obtained from Community Development for a $10.00 charge. There are stipulations for obtaining the permit. Contact the Community Development Department for additional information.
- 10.88.020- It is prohibited to park a truck or trailer registered for 13, 000 pounds gross weight or more in residential areas. It is also prohibited to park an unladen tractor truck in a residential area. These vehicles are restricted to specific roads unless they are crossing a street, servicing or refueling. The following is a list of approved roads for these vehicles:
- US Highway 89
- West Hill Field between 1200 West and Main Street
- Interstate 15
- Antelope Drive West of University Park Blvd(1200 West)
- Highway 193
- McCormick Way
- Oak Hills Drive
- Hill Field Road
- Main Street
- Railroad right of way
- Marshall Way
- 41-6a-1408 - A vehicle parked on a highway for 48 hours or longer; or a vehicle left on public or private property in excess of 7 days without the consent of the owner will be considered abandoned and may be towed.
- 19.12.100- This code essentially says that if any part of a property is being used to park vehicles, it must be properly graded for drainage, surfaced with concrete, asphalt, road base, or gravel and maintained in good condition, free of vegetation, dust, trash, and debris.
- 10.62.030.9a - This code states to park any vehicle, trailer, boat, or similar apparatus upon any developed parcel the area designed for parking must be concrete, asphalt, or similar solid surface and be of size to house the entire vehicle.
- 19.12.030 – No portion of a front yard, other than approved driveways, can be used for parking vehicles.
- By state law, “vehicles” includes, but is not limited to, a motor vehicle, trailer, semi trailer, off highway vehicle, manufactured or mobile home.
- “Off highway vehicle” includes, but is not limited to, motorcycles, ATVs, snowmobiles, and personal watercraft.
- It is illegal to park any vehicle in any location that interferes with the delivery and monitoring of essential services such as utilities, postal services and refuse collection.
- 10.62.030 (3a) – It is prohibited to park a vehicle on any street or publicly owned or controlled property or right-of-way for the principle purpose of displaying the vehicle for sale.
*This ordinance has been repealed and is being revised.
- 19.06.010 – It is prohibited to park any vehicle on commercial property not properly licensed for vehicle sales for the principle purpose of displaying the vehicle for sale.
- No property owner can give permission to violate any Layton City ordinance.
- 10.62.030(4) and 10.68.010(2) - It is prohibited to park any vehicle that cannot be lawfully operated upon public streets upon any street, public right-of-way or publicly owned or controlled property.
- In addition to all required equipment, lawfully operated would also mean current registration and insurance.
- 10.68.010 – It is prohibited to leave a vehicle parked in the same place on any street or alley continuously for more than 72 hours.
- 10.62.030(5) – It is prohibited to park any recreational vehicle, trailer, boat, or similar apparatus on any public street, except for immediate loading or unloading, and never longer than 24 consecutive hours.
- 10.62.030(8) – It is prohibited to park any vehicle in a location that interferes with the delivery and monitoring of essential services, such as utilities, postal services and refuse collection.
- 10.62.010 – It is prohibited to park any vehicle on any street between 1:00 a.m. and 6:00 a.m. from December to February, or any other time when removal of snow is apparent or imminent.
What information will I need to bring to obtain this permit?
Emergency and Response Services:
- Fire Suppression and Extinguishment
- Fire Cause and Origin Investigations
- Ambulance Service at an EMT Intermediate Level (Scene Response and Intrafacility Transfers)
- Paramedic Rescue Services (Advanced Life Support)
- Hazardous Materials Response (Operations and Technician Level)
- Technical Rescue Services (Trench / Confined Space, High Angle / Mountain Rescue, Automobile / Machinery Extrication.)
- Evidentiary Blood Draws For The Police Department (DUI and Drug Arrests)
- Ambulance Service at an EMT Intermediate Level to Hill Air Force Base
- Ambulance Service at an EMT Intermediate Level to South Weber City
Public Education and Relations Services:
- Elementary School All Risk Education Program ( All Elementary Schools in Layton City)
- Fire Prevention Week Open House
- EMS Week Presentation
- Fire Extinguisher and Safety Class to Local Businesses
- Public Speaking and Fire Safety Education at Local Civic Groups as Requested
- CERT Training
- Fire Station Tours
- Blood Pressure Checks
- Ambulance Standby at High School Football Games and other Special Events
- Fourth of July Public Fireworks Display
Fire Prevention Services:
- Fire Code Compliance Inspections (Day Cares, Retail, Hospital, Manufacturing, Public Assembly, etc.)
- Engine Company Inspections on Commercial Occupancies (General Housekeeping, Pre-Fire Planning, Emergency Contact Information)
- Plan Reviews New Construction ( Site Access, Hydrant Location, Fire Alarm and Suppression Systems)
Open Burning RegulationsCity, County and State laws regulate open Burning in Layton City. Burning in Davis County as a whole is limited to agricultural burning or a recreational fire as defined below. To qualify for agricultural open burning you must have 2 acres of farmland, which is used for crop growth or have a fruit orchard with 25 or more fruit trees. Agricultural open burning is limited to organic items, which are incidental, and essential to the agricultural operation "NO TRASH OR YARD WASTE". An example of items which may be burned are: fence lines on cultivated property, stubble fields, ditch banks, weeds when clearing land to be planted and trimmings from fruit trees when in conjunction with an orchard. State law requires that farmers who are going to burn those items notify the nearest fire department prior to burning. Layton City requires that you notify the fire department at (336-3940) and provide them with the start and end times of the burn, an address where the burning will occur, the name and a phone number of the responsible party for the burn and the materials that you will be burning. In addition, Layton City limits open burning to daylight hours and on days that the clean air index, provided by The Davis County Health Department, allows. All agricultural fires must be kept a minimum of 50 feet from structures. The responsible party must have a water supply or other means to control the fire. The fire must be constantly attended until completely out.
Layton City Fire Guidelines
Burning Allowed with Notification:
Camp Fires or recreational or cooking fires:
- Must be clean dry wood
- Must be kept under 3’ in diameter
- Must be kept under 2’ in pile height
- Must be kept a minimum 25’ from all structures and other combustibles
- Must be constantly attended by a person eighteen years of age or older
- Must have bucket of water hose or other means to extinguish
- Must be used solely for cooking or recreational purposes
- Must own the property or have written permission to kindle the fire
- Must have 2 acres of cultivated land or a fruit orchard of 25 or more fruit trees
- Must be incident to and essential to the agricultural operation
- Must be constantly attended
- To be conducted during daylight hours only
- Must have means to extinguish or control the fire
- Must be kept a minimum of 50’ from all structures
- Must comply with air quality index (except for ditch banks, cannel banks, fence lines on cultivated land. They are still asked to comply with air quality index)
- When any of the above burning is creating a public hazard the on duty fire officer may have the fire extinguished. When weather or other conditions make burning a hazard, such as winds etc. The officer on duty may deny all burning requests.
All information is maintained on a secure web server. Only authorized City Staff will have access.
You will be asked to provide personal information such as name, address, phone number, etc. You will also be asked to provide information about your education, employment history, and references. An e-mail address will also be required. You will shorten the time it takes to complete your application if you gather this information before beginning the online process.
Layton City accepts only online applications. If you do not have access to a computer you may come to the Layton City Management Services office located at 437 North Wasatch Drive, Layton, UT 84041, between the hours of 8:00 am to 4:30 pm Monday through Friday.
Computers are available at public libraries for you to access. Family and friends may also have Internet access available for you to use.
YES. IMPORTANT! User accounts are established for one person only and should not be shared with another person or e-mail address. Multiple applications with multiple users and e-mail addresses may jeopardize your status in the recruitment process for any positions you apply for.
To apply online you must create an e-mail account. There are a number of free e-mail services available to the general public.
Use the Online Registration to create your user account.
Remember to keep a record of your username and password once you have set up an account. If you need to apply for other positions or check the status of your application, you will need to input this information exactly as it was originally entered.
On average, allow approximately 30-45 minutes to complete your application. We encourage you to complete each part of the application in detail. You can add additional work history and education as needed. Please start with most recent experience/educational information when prioritizing your information. Each time you input information, you will need to click on the Save & View Application button. If the system is inactive over 30 minutes, it will automatically log you off and will only keep information from the last time you clicked on the Save & View Application.
If at any time you need to exit the application, click the Save & View button at the bottom of the form. All of the information that you have inputted up to that point will be stored. You can return to your application later by logging into your account with your username and password.
You may either attach or cut and paste a resume into your application. Please note that submitting a resume does not substitute for completing the entire application form. Incomplete applications may be eliminated from consideration for employment.
If a typing test is required, you must obtain a certified type test from Layton City or other verifiable source within the last 6 months (internet tests are not acceptable). Typing tests can be taken at the Layton City Human Resources office located at 437 North Wasatch Drive, Layton, UT 84041, between the hours of 8:00 am to 4:30 pm Monday through Friday. Type tests must be submitted before the closing date.
If you submitted electronically, you will receive an e-mail confirmation shortly after submission. To verify the positions you’ve submitted applications for, login using you user ID and password. Then click on Application Status to review the status of your submitted applications. All application materials (including resumes and supplemental documentation) must be received by the posted close time and date. Late application materials will not be considered. The Human Resources Division is not responsible for failure of other agencies, internet service providers or postal services to forward applications by the deadline.
If you wish to receive notification when a job you are interested in becomes available, click on the Job Notification Request.
You can request assistance at the Layton City Human Resources office located at 437 North Wasatch Drive, Layton, UT. You may also call the Layton City Human Resources office at (801) 336-3820 during business hours of 8:00 am - 5:00 pm, Monday through Friday.
You may login to Layton City Jobs Online and make the changes to your master profile. You may also contact the Human Resources Division at (801) 336-3820 during business hours of 8:00 am –5:00 pm, Monday through Friday.
To check on the status of a particular recent recruitment, log in and then click on Application Status to see the status of your submitted applications.
Yes. However, once you create an account, you may build an application and submit that application for multiple jobs by clicking on the ‘Populate’ button to automatically populate the new application with information from your previously created application. Review and update your application as necessary. Once your account is created, applying for open recruitments is quick and easy.
No. Each time we list a job opportunity and you are still interested in being considered you should apply. To ensure you will be considered for other positions, watch our Job Opportunities site of fill in a Job Notification Request. You must submit a separate application for all positions you are interested in.
You may complete a Job Notification Request to register for notification of specific job titles. When a position with that title is posted, you will receive an e-mail notification at the e-mail address your provided within your application account.
No. As with any position, once a closing date has passed, no application will be accepted or considered. Please continue to visit the Layton City website and apply for new jobs as they become available. You may also want to complete a Job Notification Request to automatically be notified when a position you are interested in becomes available.
General Employee Benefits
Fire Fighter Benefits
Sworn Police Officer Benefits
Yes, Layton City does participate in E-Verify.
E-Verify is an Internet-based system operated by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) in partnership with the Social Security Administration (SSA). E-Verify electronically compares information entered on the Employment Eligibility Verification, Form I-9, with records contained in SSA and Department of Homeland Security (DHS) databases to help employers verify the identity and employment eligibility of newly hired employees. Down below you will find the Right to Work and the E-Verify Participation posters in an English and Spanish version.
Planning & Zoning
Planning Commission is held the 2nd and 4th Tuesday of every month. Agendas are posted on the City’s website the Friday before the Planning Commission meeting. You can view the agendas by going to the Government and clicking on Planning Commission Meetings, then clicking the Agenda/Minutes tab or click here.
Property that are under a single family zone (R-1-6, R-1-8, R-1-10, and R-S zoning districts) are allowed to have up to 6 female chickens as long as the following criteria is met:
- The property is at least 10,000 square feet
- The chickens are keep in a pen in a fenced rear yard that is at least 5 feet from any property line
- The pen is no larger than 120 square feet and no more than 7 feet tall
- A annual $30 permit is obtained from the Community and Economic Development Department. Click Here for the permit
- Additional requirements may apply for a full copy of the ordinance see Layton City Municipal Code 19.06.080(2) Residential Chickens
In order to comply with Utah State Law, requests for police reports are evaluated on a case-by-case basis. Requests may be started online by filling out an Online Record Request Form or they may be made in person at the Records Division, Monday - Friday, 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM, excluding legal holidays. Requests received via mail will also only be considered if the signature on the request is notarized.
Valid government issued photo ID or notarization of identity is required in order for records to be released, regardless of the method used to request the record.
In order to process the request, you will be asked to provide the following information: Your identity, case number (if known), address of occurrence, date of occurrence, parties involved and type of report.
There is a $5.00 fee for up to 10 pages and $0.25 for each additional page of each report. If photos are requested, the photos may be copied to a CD for $10.00 or prints may be made. The cost for prints of photos is $10.00 for up to 10 photos and $2.00 per additional photo.
Most requests can be processed within 10 days of receipt.
- A person involved in the accident, excluding witnesses;
- A person suffering loss or injury in the accident;
- A parent or legal guardian of a minor involved in the accident;
- An agent of a person involved in the accident (attorney, insurer or other entity, or an individual with written permission);
- A state, local or federal agency that uses the records for official governmental investigative or accident prevention purposes;
- Law enforcement personnel when acting in their official capacities;
- Licensed private investigators when acting in their official capacities.
Requests can be started online by filling out an Online Record Request Form or you can make your request in person at the Records Division, Monday - Friday, 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM, excluding legal holidays. Valid government issued photo ID or notarization of identity is required in order for records to be released, regardless of the method used to request the record. Requests received via mail will also only be considered if the signature on the request is notarized.
There is a $5.00 charge for up to 10 pages and $0.25 for each additional page of each report. If photos were taken, the photos may be copied to a CD for $10.00 or prints may be made. The cost for prints of photos is $10.00 for up to 10 photos and $2.00 per additional photo.
Services are generally offered Tuesdays and Thursdays between 2:00 P.M. and 4:00 P.M. However, days and times may be temporarily adjusted for holidays or unforeseen circumstances. The cost is $15.00 for up to three fingerprint cards and $5.00 for every card thereafter.
Individuals who need fingerprinting that do not meet these requirements can contact their local police department to see if they offer these services, or contact the Bureau of Criminal Identification. Information on the Utah Bureau of Criminal Identification can be found at http://bci.utah.gov/.
Areas shaded on the map represent the following three secondary water service areas within Layton City:
- Blue = Weber Basin
- Green = Kays Creek Irrigation
- Red = Davis and Weber Counties Canal Company
It depends on which secondary water company is in your area. First, check the secondary water service area map and determine the provider. Then contact the appropriate company as listed below:
- Weber Basin secondary service area -- contact Layton City Public Works Shop at (801) 336-3720 or submit an online leak or problem
- Kays Creek Irrigation service area -- contact Kays Creek Irrigation at (801) 941-2010
- Davis and Weber Counties Canal Company service area – call Davis and Weber Counties Canal Company at (801) 774-6373
Most secondary water systems have filters that need to be cleaned periodically by the home or business owner. Check that your filter is cleaned regularly. Also refer to the following guidance from Weber Basin’s website:
Refer to the following info from Weber Basin’s website to determine typical ownership.
Please contact the secondary water company directly to discuss connection opportunities. Check that your location is within a secondary water service area by using the following map.
The City has established the following priorities for snow removal.
Priority 1: Primary traffic streets are usually known as arterials. Arterial streets are determined to be the high volume, minimum network which must be kept open to provide the basic transportation system serving the high volume streets, hazardous intersections, hospitals, fire stations, police stations, schools and other “safety sensitive” areas within the City.
Collector streets are the basic networks covering the major traffic streets. Included are selected critical steep grade streets, access to schools and critical commercial areas.
Priority 2: Secondary and residential routes are selected minor arterial, secondary intersections, collectors, bus routes and residential neighborhood streets deemed desirable to be maintained as time and storm duration permit.
Priority 3: Remaining city streets, accesses or unpaved roadways
It is not the position of the City of Layton to maintain a bare pavement policy or to provide snow and ice removal on every City Street during or after every snowstorm. Therefore, after periods in which the movement of traffic has occurred, snowplows are not as effective for totally clearing packed snow or icy roadways. Temperatures, storm duration and intensity have a profound effect on the ability of snowplows to clear streets and for salt to melt the snow and ice.
Surf 'n Swim
Yes, the pool(s) will close during lightning storms.
The bubble is not protected from lightning strikes and is therefore considered an outdoor pool.
Current operating procedure is as follows; At the first signs of lightning or thunder, the pool(s) will be evacuated. If the staff sees lightning, hears thunder or the lightning detector indicates a strike closer than 8 miles; the pool(s), surrounding deck and grassy areas will be cleared. The pool(s) will remain cleared for at least 30 minutes after the last observed lightning or thunder. Patrons should leave the pool(s) and the surrounding area. Seek shelter inside the lobby and racquetball area.
Layton City bills for water, sewer, garbage, and storm drain. For new resident information please click here.
The minimum bill for residential services for a standard water meter is $113.90. The minimum bill is as follows:
|Utility||Price for 2 months||Comments|
|Water||$25.70||First 14,000 gallons and $1.14 per thousand gallons over 14,000 gallons in the 2 month period.|
|Garbage||$22.10||$16.70 for each additional can with 6 month minimum commitment.|
|Recycling||-||$11.00 per billing cycle (optional)|
The Layton City Utility Billing Department bills for water, sewer, garbage and storm sewer. If you are new to the city and need to sign up for services, we do require you to read and accept the application disclaimer. There are several options to complete this:
- Come into our office at 437 N. Wasatch Drive and fill out the application at a kiosk. We are located in the Layton City Center next to the Surf N’ Swim. Our hours are 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday.
Layton City charges a $25 new account fee, as well as a refundable $45 deposit. We must receive these payments before we can begin new services. Please contact us at 801-336-3860 to make a payment.
In most instances, water service can be started the same day we receive a signed application. To find out what day your garbage pickup day is, please call our office at 336-3860. You can download a new resident packet by clicking here.
- In person: we accept cash, checks, Visa, Mastercard, and Discover.
- AutoPay: Electronic funds transfer from your bank account
- Web payments: Payments are accepted on the City’s web site using a credit card or electronic funds transfer. Click here for a link to the web payment page.
- Utility Payment Drop Box: Located on the east side of the City Center parking lot next to the blue U.S. Postal Service mailbox. Checks only please.
- By phone: We will accept Debit/Credit Card payments over the phone.
Layton City has no plans to charge residents a $20 utility fee in 19 days, nor do any of the other UTOPIA Cities.
Layton City is currently reviewing the Macquarie proposal. Under the proposal, residents would not be paying that $18-20 utility fee until their entire neighborhood, including their home, is connected to the fiber network. Approval of the plan is still months away, and there will be opportunity for public input. Once approved, it could be as many as two years before they would have to pay that utility fee. When the neighborhood is connected to the UTOPIA network and has internet service, the utility fee would be charged to each residence; the fee includes internet service at no extra cost.
A private company, Macquarie Capital (together with its affiliates, “Macquarie”), are interested in forming a Public-Private Partnership (“PPP”) with the eleven pledging Cities that make up the UTOPIA network. Just recently Macquarie presented to the Cities a “Milestone 1 Report,” or initial feasibility study. There are four “Milestones” to be completed before any final deal. Under the proposal, Macquarie would assemble the capital needed to complete construction of the fiber network. It would then form a company to manage and maintain the network under the oversight of the 11 Cities.
Key Point: The Cities would incur no additional bond debt for the build out and Macquarie and its investors would collect payment over 30 years. Furthermore, this model shifts all further capital risk away from the Cities and taxpayers and over to a private consortium. This would end the cycle of increasing public debt that UTOPIA has suffered from to this point.
No, it is not. Macquarie and the UTOPIA Cities are engaged in a “Pre-development Agreement,” an intensive investigative and research process by which both sides can see if a deal can and should be made. The Milestone 1 (of four) report was completed on April 29th. Milestone 1 was unanimously approved by the Layton City Council June 5th, 2014.
The Macquarie proposal will resolve a number of challenges for the UTOPIA network.
- Every home, apartment and business in the 11 member Cities will be connected to the network, in other words this will be a ubiquitous (fully built seemingly everywhere) network, which will attract new service providers and content opportunities.
- A connection to the network will be installed at each residence within 30 months.
- A utility fee will be charged by the Cities, in exchange, a basic level of service provided.
- Fixed cost for construction and operations.
- Operating deficits will be eliminated.
- The network remains open access (meaning any ISP, Phone or TV provider can use it), fostering competition and enhanced services.
- Upon hand back of the network after 30 years, the Cities will have an asset that is expected to produce approximately $100 million of cash flow per year. This represents a tremendously valuable resource for future generations.
The Milestone 1 report estimates a fee between $18 and $20 per single family residence, per month. Residents in apartment buildings and other multi-dwelling units will receive a reduced rate, reflecting the potential to share the gigabit connection among those occupying that building, while the business fee will provide a basic level of service that is competitive with basic DSL for both speed and price. The utility fee is calculated to cover the costs of network construction, operations, maintenance and a periodic refresh of the network’s technology.
Macquarie Capital is the financial advisory business of Macquarie Group. Macquarie Group, based in Sydney, is one of Australia’s premier financial institutions, with a market capitalization of over $16 billion, balance sheet assets of over $40 billion and more than $360 billion of funds under management. Macquarie is a global leader in infrastructure investment which, directly and through its more than 100 portfolio companies worldwide, employs more than 85,000 people and services the infrastructure needs of roughly 100 million people daily. Macquarie is considered a ‘trusted partner’ of governments around the world with several large infrastructure projects here in the U.S.
Macquarie has also been a leader in developing the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) model. Globally, Macquarie manages assets including $100 billion of infrastructure projects in the United States, diversified across ports, telecoms infrastructure, bridges, tunnels, roads and airports. Approximately $25 billion of these assets have been developed under the PPP model, and Macquarie believes that municipal fiber assets such as the UTOPIA network are well suited to this same model.
- State and local governments face mounting infrastructure needs.
- Resources not keeping pace – debt levels getting too high.
- Advantages of a Public-Private Partnership (PPP)
- A PPP leverages government resources without capital market expense and more debt.
- A PPP ensure ‘asset performance’ — payments to a private entity based on performance.
- A PPP assumes burdens: on-time, on-budget, managing performance and costs.
- Cost reductions of 20-30% compared to similar, government run projects.
Yes and no. Google has begun working on one model. Macquarie’s model is quite different. For one thing, the UTOPIA network will remain an open access network (open to any ISP, Phone or TV provider) on which any number of service providers could ‘ride’. Therefore, customers will have a broad choice of providers for home telecom services – voice, data and video. The sponsoring government entities also retain ownership and ultimate control of the network, unlike under the Google model. Also, under the Macquarie model, all addresses in the Cities will receive access to a gigabit connection.
Yes. The good news is that the Milestone 1 report indicates that the new network operation will likely be able to help repay that existing debt over time. A fully built network will create a large increase in the number of users able to access the network, and as more users join the network and receive additional enhanced services from providers, there will be a greater amount of revenue available to the Cities to help pay their existing debt obligations. Preliminary numbers from CTC a premier technology consultant suggests the enhanced services market is between 30 and 50%. Even at 30% this will produce revenue roughly equivalent to two times the Cities’ debt service over the 30 years.
The current estimate is about $300 million to complete the build out and an initial technology refresh. No matter what, Macquarie’s investment and the Cities’ obligation will be clearly specified and binding at the outset of any agreement.
Macquarie is the world’s leading infrastructure investor, and over the past five years, raised over $23 billion of equity for infrastructure investment, a sum more than $5 billion greater than its closest competitor. In the U.S. alone, Macquarie has either invested directly or arranged financing for PPP projects worth over $12 billion, including the $1.6 billion Denver Eagle FasTracks PPP, the first mass transit rail PPP in the U.S., in 2010. Macquarie also has a history of investing in fiber assets, including an $860 million trunk line development that connected three major capital cities in Australia.
Again, a key benefit of a PPP is that almost all future risk is transferred away from the Cities and UTOPIA to the private sector partner. Macquarie will guarantee the cost and completion date for build out, and will be immediately required to pay penalties if either of these guarantees is not fulfilled.
The Cities will not have to make any payments to Macquarie until a customer is connected to the network, or 6 months after the network is built to the customer’s address, whichever comes first.
The news about Google Fiber potentially coming to Salt Lake City is exciting. But it does not extend to the 11 Cities of UTOPIA. It does demonstrate two important things about this type of undertaking. The first is that fiber is critical infrastructure for thriving cities, and others recognize it. The second is that the incumbent providers (existing companies with older networks) are simply not meeting the needs of today’s communities. Google knows there is a critical need to be met, and so does Macquarie. Furthermore, Macquarie’s ubiquitous build and proposed open access model allows all users to have greater choice and competition than Google’s proprietary (closed to outside Phone, ISP’s and TV providers) network.
But please note that a deal with Google, were it available, will provide no opportunity to assist the 11 partner Cities with existing debt. Provo sold its fiber network assets for $1, kept all its debt, and was left with no revenue stream to help pay it down.
Macquarie has a long track record of success in setting up and running PPP projects. The network will be managed and operated to private sector standards with a service level agreement (SLA). Even more important, Macquarie will have to meet certain performance and service standards.
As on most of its projects, Macquarie will be putting its own capital at risk. It is up to them to properly calculate the costs. There is no provision for increasing the amount later through a contractual arrangement. Macquarie will not only factor in the costs of construction, but also the cost of refreshing the network over 30 years. In fact, 20% to 30% of the total estimated cost is for keeping the network up to date. If Macquarie fails to properly calculate costs, its own capital is at risk.
High speed broadband is increasingly being viewed as the “fourth utility”, as essential as electricity and water. A recent survey of the UTOPIA Cities shows that 55% of residents believe that “high speed internet is a basic need” for modern communities. Research has shown that access to high speed internet contributes to a community’s economic development (through new opportunities and increased productivity), increased employment (through new and retained jobs), and an increase in the breadth and quality of municipal services.
A key objective of the partnership between the Cities, UTOPIA and Macquarie is to maximize benefits for the communities. Keeping the infrastructure in the control of the cities ensures all residents, regardless of income, are provided a basic level of connectivity at a competitive price.
The government will not compete with a Comcast, for example, nor will the PPP. When governments build highways it doesn’t mean they are competing with General Motors, they are building infrastructure that allows competition between car and truck makers to flourish. The proposed PPP in this case is similar. The PPP will build an information super highway allowing all providers of Phone, TV and Internet access to take advantage of fiber optic speeds. Cities will retain ownership of the network assets, and the private partner will take operational responsibility for the network over a 30-year period, effectively leasing the network from the Cities.
The PPP will not compete with private providers for residential or business customers. The network will be providing a “fiber super highway” that any provider can use to deliver data, voice, video and other services to customers. This highway is open to any provider that wishes to use it, including Comcast.
Macquarie and its partners hope you will change your mind, and will work hard to earn your trust and your business. But even if they never do, all citizens will benefit from this partnership.
First, simply completing construction of the UTOPIA network will increase the alternatives available to all residents. Providing communities greater choice of providers generally reduces prices for telecom services, even from current providers. Macquarie understands that Google’s entry into the Provo, Kansas City and Austin markets has resulted in price reductions and speed increases from incumbent providers.
Second, the PPP will help your city save money in a number of ways in delivering services and information to residents. Third, network Cities may offer free services such as public ‘hot spots’ throughout the community. In short, the benefits will not begin or end at your front door.
Chances are good that they are now purchasing or need to purchase some minimal level of service. The plan is to provide a basic level of service for the minimum charge. It may very well be less than they are paying now but will certainly be competitive. Even so, many Cities are discussing ‘circuit breaker’ mechanisms that will provide relief from the fee for lower income residents in certain situations.
Even if certain residents don’t use the internet, there is a very good chance they do have a phone service. For very little additional cost (likely less than $8 per month), residents could add a phone service to the basic internet service.This will likely result in basic internet and phone service at a price lower than their existing phone-only service.
Technology demands have changed, and many American states and cities are being left behind. That is why fiber infrastructure has become so critical. Fiber optic cables transport signals at the speed of light, and fiber is increasingly accepted as the next generation delivery technology for data, voice and video applications. Macquarie, UTOPIA and the Cities are confident that the core fiber infrastructure will continue to be competitive technology over the long term. A more relevant consideration is the electronic equipment used to transmit and receive those signals. Macquarie will be required to ensure that all users have reliable access to connection speeds up to 1Gbps, and it will be at Macquarie’s cost to ensure that those speeds are maintained for the 30 year term. Macquarie and the Cities will continually look to deploy faster network equipment to keep up with user demand. It will be in all network stakeholders’ interest to ensure the network keeps up with future technology and is able to compete in the marketplace. With average US broadband speeds of only ~7Mbps we believe the initial network technology will have sufficient capacity to ensure that users stay at the forefront of national broadband access.
Macquarie does not face the same capital constraints as UTOPIA or the Cities and is undertaking a rigorous feasibility analysis to ensure that the network is designed in such a way that the bandwidth available to providers and, in turn, consumers, is capable of meeting the Cities’ desired performance standards.
The service level agreement standards will be set to ensure users have a reliable network on which they can utilize the full capacity of connection speeds up to 1Gbps. Macquarie must meet these standards, both in network design, construction and operations, to receive any payment from the Cities. Macquarie’s ultimate success hinges on superior network capability, a robust product offering and high customer satisfaction.
Macquarie’s preliminary assumption is that some users have either paid or are paying connection fees. These users will continue to pay these charges in place of the utility fee. Macquarie and UTOPIA are working through structuring considerations to incorporate these users into the utility fee model and will ensure that they are treated equitably relative to those individuals that did not pay the connection fee. If these users can be incorporated, there will be a compensation mechanism to reflect the installation fees already paid, and we will look to discuss the mechanism in more detail with key stakeholders once it has been further developed.
Wi-Fi is a great tool and important to any community. But Wi-Fi can only exist with a robust facilities base to support it with backhaul and other functions; it can never be a stand-alone solution. The network will allow enhanced Wi-Fi accessibility in homes and in public spaces throughout the city.
You could, but your city will still carry the obligation for debt service and will still be required to pay per the terms of the original agreement. Based on the Cities current repayment profile, UTOPIA’s annual obligations are expected to increase 25% by 2025. Mothballing the asset will not only keep the full burden of the existing debt with the Cities, but also devalue an extremely valuable asset and shut off any revenue. Fiber networks are increasingly being viewed as highly preferable to cable, evidenced by the 1,100 applications that Google Fiber received prior to its initial rollout in Kansas City. Existing users will also be stranded without service.
You are free to make that choice. If you are purchasing a home telecom package now, it is likely that you will save a significant amount each month by subscribing to the network. You may still save even if you don’t join the network as competition brings better service and lower prices in every market we know. The evidence is clear – when additional providers enter a market, speed increases and prices decrease. Three good examples are Kansas City, Austin and Provo, where non-Google customers have received enhanced service along with price reductions. We expect that same effect. Your household will also benefit from free services provided in your community and from better and lower cost delivery of some municipal services.
Macquarie and the Cities are still determining the methodology of calculating the utility fee. While it is likely that this fee will increase over the term of the agreement, annual increases will be capped and will most likely linked to a public index, such as the CPI. However, no adjustment will be made to cover any unexpected or unforeseen increases in costs that could have been mitigated by Macquarie. For example, even if the cost of the build out exceeds the price guaranteed to the Cities, or costs to operate the network are materially higher than calculated by Macquarie, the utility fee cannot be adjusted without written consent from the Cities.
Following the PPP, the UTOPIA network will be a world away from its historical performance. The PPP model is a performance-based model, which requires Macquarie to achieve the requirements outlined in the concession agreement in order to earn a return. Under this model, the Cities no longer bear the costs if the network does not deliver its required objectives.
Again, in the future, the network will be run by private sector personnel and management. The eleven Cities will still maintain oversight, but the construction, operation and maintenance will be performed by a private company.
A concession agreement means a private entity takes over management and operation of a public asset. An example might be the café at a public golf course. The concessionaire operates and maintains the location, but the city retains ownership. Macquarie will take overall management and operation functions and will be paid by the Cities for the 30 years of the agreement, but the Cities retain ownership.
Ubiquitous means “seemingly everywhere” in this context. It means the intent is to provide a fiber connection to every home and business in the 11 member Cities.
The new network entity will provide services at many different price points. You will not have to subscribe to a “superfast” connection if you don’t want to. We believe there will be a level of service appropriate for almost every consumer, at extremely competitive pricing. But even if you stay with your current carrier, you will still benefit from competitive pricing, enhanced city services, increased economic development and a host of other positives.
The network itself will be a wholesaler and won’t offer services directly to end users. Bundled double and triple play services are already offered on the network. We expect even more bundled services will be available when the network is completed and there is enough reach to attract national service providers.
Everyone understands the eleven UTOPIA Cities are in a tough position. The original financing, planning, construction and operation of UTOPIA fell short. As a result, UTOPIA has become a “stranded asset,” loaded with debt and unable to break into the black or achieve “launch velocity” for success. Inadequate revenue means insufficient “take rates,” which results in reduced revenues. A PPP with Macquarie provides a way forward. Macquarie’s injection of private capital, experience and know-how will break the cycle of underperformance.
Fiber networks and the superfast connectivity they provide are the future in medicine, education, public safety, business and economic development – almost every aspect of our lives. Who could have imagined fifty years ago where we find ourselves today in terms of telecommunications and information technology? Connectivity affects everyday living in ways our grandparents could never have imagined. A successful, prosperous future will require continued vision, innovation and investment.
Restitution must be requested through the criminal case. So, if restitution is needed for an item that was stolen, the request must be submitted through the theft case filed against the defendant.
Restitution can be requested through the prosecutor's victim advocate program. A formed called a "Victim Impact Statement" will be provided which needs to be completed, signed and returned with copies of receipts or other documents that support the claim.
If a victim advocate is not available in your area, restitution can also be requested by submitting a letter to the court that includes the court case number, the amount of restitution requested and copies of receipts or other documents that support the claim.
Utah Code states that the things to be considered in determining restitution are:
- the cost of the damage or lost property
- the cost of the medical and related professional services and devices
- the cost of funeral and related services
- the financial resources of the defendant
- the ability of the defendant to pay
- the rehabilitative effect on the defendant of the payment of restitution
- other circumstances which the court deems relevant
If restitution is ordered to be paid to you, the defendant will pay it to the court or through a probation agency. The court or probation agency will then forward a check to you for the amount paid.
If you do not receive payments as ordered, contact the court first and they can either tell you what the delay is, how to get the matter back on the court calendar for non-payment or who the probation agency is that should be collecting the restitution.
Crime Victim Reparations is a federal compensation program funded by fines paid by criminal offenders. You may be eligible for this program if you are a victim of a crime against persons and if a police report has been filed.
For complete information on restitution, refer to Utah Code section 77-38a.